What is a Bridge Loan?
There is a common misconception that a bridge loan is just a short term loan. Correctly defined, a bridge loan is where someone is buying one property before selling another one and they need to get a short term loan until they sell the property they already own.
It is called a bridge loan because it bridges the gap between buying a new property and selling a property you already own.
The problem is that banks don’t do bridge loans. They focus on the very plain and uncomplicated loan types that don’t require a lot of expertise or creativity to figure out. This is probably because most banks sell their loans and the people who buy them are investors, not seasoned mortgage professionals.
One of the many different uses of hard money is the bridge loan. Hard money is the ideal vehicle for them because decisions in hard money are generally made by an individual and not a board of directors. And even if the individual who is lending the money isn’t an expert in mortgages, he or she can be educated quickly so that they understand.
So how do bridge loans work?
There are 3 ways to do a bridge loan:
1) The loan is secured by the property being bought.
2) The loan is secured by the property being sold.
3) The loan is secured by both properties.
Which one is best will depend on the situation. Some of the factors involved are how much down payment there is (if any), how much equity is in the property already owned, the value of the property already owned and the purchase price of the property being bought.
Most bridge loans are for 12 months or less although that can be negotiable. This is why some people think of any short term loan as a bridge loan.
One of the biggest advantages of bridge loans is that the requirement for proving income is waived for this type of loan, regardless of whether either of the properties will be owner occupied or a rental property.
If there was a single thing that one should know about bridge loans, it is that they are all about figuring out how to make the numbers work. Anyone who is expert at doing them should be able to figure out the numbers in a couple of minutes and let you know if there is a way to do the loan.
So if you have any questions about whether you qualify for a bridge loan or if one could solve the problem of trying to buy one property before selling another one, ask someone who has done them before.
Most people think that hard money loans (also known as private money loans) qualify as creative financing. But the truth is that just because a loan is hard money, it doesn’t mean that it’s creative.
Someone who has bad credit or a property that is in poor condition will probably have to use hard money for a mortgage. But it can be pretty straightforward and doesn’t need to be creative at all.
If you look at the facts, getting a higher interest rate and probably paying more points than you would for a different type of loan doesn’t seem very creative.
So what does a creative loan look like?
One example that we just closed this week involved a guy who wanted to buy a property but didn’t have any money for a down payment. And since there aren’t any loan programs for buying a rental property with no money down, most loan officers would have turned him down.
But that isn’t what happened.
It turned out that he owned another house that had a lot of equity in it. So instead of turning him away, we used that equity so he could buy the house he was interested in. The loan used both properties, being a first mortgage on the one he was buying and a second mortgage on the one he already owned.
Another example is a borrower who needed to refinance a property that had major fire damage. The property had 3 units before the fire and two units afterwards. Obviously, no bank would give anyone a loan on that property.
But we came up with a solution to it. Instead of going through the complicated process of doing a construction loan, we had the property appraised based only on the two remaining units.
Since the loan was based on the as-is value, there was no need to have any money held back to cover construction costs. The borrower had been looking for a solution for a while and was unable to find anyone to help them. Fortunately, the solution seemed pretty obvious to us and we got the loan done quickly.
There are many other examples of how to take a situation that doesn’t seem to have a solution and figuring out a way to be creative, coming up with a simple solution to get the problem handled.
So when you think of creative financing, it isn’t true that all hard money is the same. It is important to find someone who cares enough to look for the solution to your problem, whether that person needs to be creative or not.
The best way to look at it is to find out if there is a simple solution. Complicated doesn’t usually work and causes confusion. Simple is almost always better.
The banks will tell you that if you don’t have perfect credit, you can’t buy a home. This is false. There are actually many different ways to buy real estate when you have bad credit.
The fact is that there are many different loan programs available, not just the ones offered by the banks. Hard money is one of the better known loan programs but there are others that can work too. The one that is right for each person is the one that fits their circumstances.
Since hard money has been mentioned already, it will be covered first. Interest rates are usually higher than other mortgage types but most of them also have interest-only payments which helps keep the payments lower since you aren’t paying the loan principal every month.
Hard money, also known as private money, has the most lenient qualifying guidelines, making it easier to get approved. Down payments of anywhere from 30% to 40% of the purchase price are usually required and rates are usually in the 8 – 12% range although they can be higher or lower depending on the situation.
Most hard money loans don’t have any specific credit requirements but if your credit is really bad, you may need a bigger down payment than someone whose credit score is just a little too low for the banks.
Next is non-prime which is the much improved replacement for the old subprime loans. Non-prime loans have become very popular over the last few years but have become much less available due to the COVID-19 shutdown. They are still available, just not quite as much as they have been.
These loans were possible with as little as 10% down payment but that has recently gone up to 25% to 30% down and even more with some lenders. Interest rates have ranged anywhere from just above what the banks charge all the way up to the lower range of hard money.
Another advantage to non-prime loans is the ability to qualify by using bank statements instead of tax returns. This feature is specifically available to self-employed borrowers.
The third loan type that will be covered is the seller carryback (or seller carry), which is where the person selling the property also does the mortgage on it. Depending on the seller, these can be very flexible and in a market where loans are not as available or easy to qualify for, can become fairly popular.
Rates on seller carryback mortgages commonly range in the 6 – 8% range but can go higher or lower depending on the seller.
The beauty of a seller carryback is that they can be used in different ways. They can be done as a 1st mortgage where the seller carries the entire amount borrowed. They can also be used in combination with hard money, making it possible to buy a property with less down payment than what is normally required.
For example, if you only have 20% down but you can find a seller to carry a 2nd while you get a hard money loan for the first mortgage, you could still buy a property. To illustrate this, let’s look at a purchase for $500,00 where they buyer has $100,000 down payment.
If he can get a seller to carry a second mortgage for $100,000, the hard money lender could do a first mortgage for the remaining $300,000 and the purchase can take place. And since the rates for seller carryback mortgages are usually lower than hard money, the more the seller will lend, the lower the overall payment will be.
These three mortgage types are not the only ways to get a loan when the banks won’t do it but the are three common options.
One of the most difficult things to do with regard to credit is to improve your scores once they have dropped. It doesn’t matter if it is because of late payments, balances on credit cards being too high or something else.
There are two main reasons for this difficulty. They are a lack of knowledge of how to do it and an inability to confront the subject. The inability to confront the subject is actually connected to the lack of knowledge on the subject of credit.
If one had the knowledge, it would be much easier to confront. But because credit and finance are not taught in high school and because these subjects have been made more complicated than necessary, it is hard to really learn enough about them to get a good understanding of them.
Not having the understanding necessary to control anything will put you in a position where you find it difficult to confront it. The subject of credit has been made less understandable so that certain people can profit from it.
My goal is to give you the knowledge and power so they don’t profit from you. Instead, I want you to profit from having good credit, getting better terms when you use credit and not being taken advantage of.
So if you or anyone you know has had their credit score drop for any reason, this post gives you one of the tools that can be used to increase credit scores.
Re-establishing credit after your score has dropped is a key to getting it where you want it. Honestly, I think most people don’t do anything about it when their scores go down. Instead, they either ignore it completely, complain about the unfairness of the credit scoring system or stop using credit, at least for a while.
Fortunately, there are some easy ways to begin re-establishing credit after things have gone wrong. One of the simplest ways is to use a secured credit card.
A secured credit card is different from regular cards because it is actually secured (backed by something of value). Most credit cards are given without anything to ensure the debt is paid other than the threat of being reported to the credit bureaus, being sent to collections or being sued for the unpaid amount.
Secured cards are different. Here’s how they work.
You open a savings account for a certain amount and get a credit card for the same amount. You can’t touch the money in the savings account as long as the card is secured by it but it helps you establish a new account without any late payments. This is very important for anyone who either has bad credit or no credit at all.
It is also very easy to get approved for a secured card because there is very little risk of loss on the part of the credit card issuer.
There are some tricks in using this account. Here are the main ones:
- Only use it once a month for something that you would normally pay cash for. This keeps your balance low, improving your credit score.
- Pay the balance every month. After all, you would have paid cash for the thing that you bought anyway, so just treat it like cash and pay it off. This prevents you from wasting money by paying interest on the card.
- Just in case you forget to pay the bill on time, set up an automatic payment for at least the minimum required. This prevents you from having any late payments on the account which would damage your credit and cost you more money.
- Get the card from a credit union rather than a bank. Credit unions are more likely to approve you and they have lower interest rates than banks.
If you follow these simple steps after having your credit scores drop, you will see your credit scores increase. This can happen in a relatively short period of time. I used this information to re-establish my own credit after going through a bankruptcy.
At the time, I didn’t have any credit score because I hadn’t used credit for about 4 years. Within 9 months, my score was over 700, putting me in position to use credit to my advantage.
If you liked this tip and want more information about credit, go to CrackMyCredit.com
ITIN is the abbreviation for Individual Tax Identification Number. It is the number issued to individuals who do not have or are not eligible to have a Social Security Number. They are used by individuals without Social Security Numbers for federal tax filing purposes with the IRS.
Banks don’t typically lend to those who have an ITIN. This isn’t because they aren’t eligible to buy property or get a mortgage. There is no restriction on buying a home just because one has an ITIN. Banks just don’t lend to them.
The most common solution for someone with an ITIN to own real estate is through private money loans (aka hard money). This is because private lenders aren’t so worried about the little details the banks focus on. Instead, they look more at the property value and the down payment than anything else.
Another big problem for many of these buyers is that they don’t have sufficient credit. Often, they think they can’t get any kind of credit unless they have a social security number. This is completely untrue. I have worked with many clients who have well established credit that they used their ITIN to get.
(For more information on credit and how to establish it, go to CrackMyCredit.com.)
Fortunately, private lenders aren’t as worried about credit as the banks so even if you have no credit at all, that shouldn’t stop you from getting a mortgage to buy a property.
The only real requirement for buying a property (other than having the money or getting a loan to buy it) is that you have to be able to prove your identity and you have to be able to prove where the money came from. In other words, just because someone has an ITIN is no reason they can’t own real estate.